Coherence and scientific accuracy of the witness image obtained from archaeological and anthropological discharges

The researchers Codrin Dinu Vasiliu and Robert Simalcsik presented the paper Coherence and scientific accuracy of the witness image obtained from archaeological and anthropological discharges on the occasion of Archaeological and Ethnographic Expedition from Crihana Veche 2017, within the Interdisciplinary Workshop in Archaeology.


Abstract:

The digital photography is not a practice of automatic data transmission in total concordance with the object photographed. During the process of photographing and editing of digital images may occur distortions which can be produced by the camera (mainly lens and accessories) and by the photographer’s behaviour, especially under complicated circumstances of photographing.

To secure a higher degree of scientific accuracy it is necessary to follow a few photography guidelines. To maximize the changes of getting digital data as clkose as possible to the reality photographed, we shall speak about the specificity of cameras and lenses used, digital formats for saved files, station point, framing, field of depth, exposure, ISO sensitivity and noise, color temperature, chromatic aberrations,and, finally, about non-invasive digital editing.

All these are adjusted to the field and lab work done by archaeologist or anthropologist, especially in the following circumstances: archaeological site and necropolis as a whole, artifacts in situ, pathologies, trauma, trepannings, burial positions, preservation degree in situ of the osteological material, positioning and geolocation of the archaeological and archaeological pieces.

Keywords: paleoanthropology, archaeology, digital photography, archaeological site, necropolis

 

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